Edward Hoagland > Bibliography


Cat Man

Houghton Mifflin, 1956; NAL, 1958; Ballantine, 1973; Arbor House, 1984; Lyons Press, 2003

"Descriptions...that top anything of the kind in fiction." --Time Magazine

The Circle Home

Thomas Y. Crowell, 1960; Avon, 1977; Lyons Press, 2003

"One of the very best writers of his generation." --Saul Bellow

The Peacock’s Tail

McGraw-Hill, 1965

"Displays a writing vitality that at times all but swamps the reader...saved from bursting its boundaries by the sheer force of its bewitching imaginativeness." --New York Herald Tribune

Notes from the Century Before: A Journal from British Columbia

Random House, 1969; Ballantine, 1972; North Point Press, 1982; Sierra Club Books, 1995; Modern Library, 2002

"One of the most interesting, revealing, and delightful travel books I have read...a gem of atmospheric figure painting and imaginative anthropology." --New York Review of Books

The Courage of Turtles

Random House, 1971; Warner, 1974; North Point Press, 1985; Lyons & Burford, 1993

"He is a marvelous writer...generous, full of odd detail, very moving...to read two pages of Hoagland at random is to know immediately that you are in the hands of a supremely tough-minded man and a man of perfect honesty." --Newsweek

Walking the Dead Diamond River

Random House, 1973; Warner, 1974; North Point Press, 1985; Lyons & Burford, 1993

"The Thoreau of our time, an essayist so personal, so sharp-eyed and deep-sighted, so tender and tough, lyrical and elegiac, as to transmute a simple stroll into a full-blown mystical experience."

--Washington Post Book World

The Moose on the Wall

Barrie & Jenkins, London, 1974

Red Wolves and Black Bears

Random House, 1976; Penguin, 1983; Lyons & Burford, 1995

"No contemporary essayist sifting through his own experience can match the unadorned clarity of Hoagland's voice." --The Los Angeles Times

African Calliope: A Journey to the Sudan

Random House, 1979; Penguin, 1981; Lyons & Burford, 1995

"Hoagland engorging Africa, or Africa engorging Hoagland, this is a book of affirmation and insights." --Kirkus Reviews

The Edward Hoagland Reader

Random House, 1979; Vintage, 1981, edited by Geoffrey Wolff

"Edward Hoagland is a strong, solid writer with a splendid feel for the intricacy, queerness and stubborn pertinacity of life. He is also, so far as I know, the best essayist working in our perishing republic." --Edward Abbey

The Tugman’s Passage

Random House, 1982; Penguin, 1983; Lyons & Burford, 1995

"A rich, surprising, satisfying book, filled with delights, precisely because its author is so filled with curiosity about life, so excited by the inexhaustible possibilities of language, and so anxious to share the sorrows and wonders he has seen." --Philadelphia Inquirer

City Tales

Capra Press, Santa Barbara, 1986

Seven Rivers West

Simon & Schuster, 1986; Penguin, 1987; Lyons Press, 2003

"Hoagland has captured the restless adventuresomeness of our frontiersmen, and the riot of nature in its unspoiled glory."

--John Irving, The New York Times Book Review

Heart's Desire

Simon & Schuster, 1988; Collins Harville, 1990; Touchstone, 1991

"America's most intelligent and wide-ranging essayist-naturalist." --Philip Roth, London Sunday Times

The Final Fate of the Alligators

Capra Press, Santa Barbara, 1992

"A writer born, a writer obsessed." --Alfred Kazin

Balancing Acts

Simon & Schuster, 1992, Touchstone, 1993; Lyons Press, 1999

"Literally, we are plunged and immersed in the Yukon or Yemen or Belize and made not only to experience it and hear about it but to absorb and understand it." --Wallace Stegner, Washington Post

Tigers & Ice

Lyons Press, NY, 1999

"Edward Hoagland is a natural. His essays flow like running water, pure and clear."

--Studs Terkel

Compass Points

Pantheon, NY, 2001; Vintage, 2002

"Compass Points is sensual, taut, pungent, and full of the hot licks of a vigorous, involved life." --Annie Proulx

Hoagland on Nature

Lyons Press, NY, 2003, foreward by Gretel Ehrlich

Revised Edition: Globe Pequot Press, 2014

"Hoagland's genius is being in touch with both the natural world and his own life...He is that rare animal, an unpedantic essayist, and like his greatest predecessors he has found a way to turn self-consciousness into a fine art." --Paul Theroux

Early in the Season

Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver, 2008

"Here are mountain men, trappers, truck drivers, yarn-spinners and grizzly-attack survivors; a gallery of aromatic wilderness humanity, sketched with such deft, unsentimental directness as to be prose equivalents of black-and-white Polaroids...the journal is a fabulous time capsule packed with rough n' ready frontier characters."

--The Toronto Star

Sex and the River Styx

Chelsea Green, VT, 2011, introduction by Howard Frank Mosher

"He’s at his best...when he circles a subject from many vantage points, teasing and digressing, piling up gorgeously angled syntaxes and frank admissions...hallmarks of a true essayist...It's good to have this courageous account...contemplating the landscape of old age and mortality." --Phillip Lopate, The New York Review of Books

Alaskan Travels

Arcade, NY, 2012, introduction by Howard Frank Mosher

"A hauntingly lyrical look back at a...national dreamscape." --Outside Magazine

Children Are Diamonds

Arcade, NY, 2013

"The ferocious lucidity of Hoagland’s language and the depth of his characters as they navigate political complexity, hellish violence, endless fear, persistent desire, and desperate calculations of survival make for a shattering tale of epic suffering, bitter irony, and miraculous flashes of beauty." --Booklist

The Devil's Tub

Arcade, NY, 2014


“The Big Cats,” Esquire, April 1961

“The Draft Card Gesture,” Commentary, February 1968

“Notes from the Century Before,” The Paris Review, Winter 1968

“On Not Being a Jew,” Commentary, April 1968

“The Threshold and the Jolt of Pain,” The Village Voice, October 17, 1968

“The Courage of Turtles,” The Village Voice, December 12, 1968

“The Elephant Trainer and the Man on Stilts,” The Village Voice, April 17, 1969

“Why this Extra Violence,” The Village Voice, May 8, 1969

“Knights and Squires: For Love of the Tugs,” The Village Voice, May 29, 1969

“The Problem of the Golden Rule,” Commentary, August 1969

“Blitzes and Holding Actions,” The Village Voice, October 16, 1969

“Books, Movies, the News,” Book World, November 9, 1969

“Home is Two Places,” Commentary, February 1970

“The Circus in 1970,” The Village Voice, April 9, 1970

“The Moose on the Wall,” New American Review, No. 9, April 1970

“Americana by the Acre,” Harper’s, October 1970

“Meatcutters Are a Funny Bunch,” The Village Voice, December 17, 1970

“The Portland Freight Run,” The Atlantic, February 1971

“The War in the Woods,” Harper’s, February 1971

“Splendid, with Trumpets,” The Village Voice, April 8, 1971

“Two Clowns,” Life, April 25, 1971

“The Assassination Impulse,” The Village Voice, May 27, 1971

“Of Cows and Cambodia,” The Atlantic, July 1971

“The Soul of the Tiger,” Esquire, July 1971

“Hailing the Elusory Mountain Lion,” The New Yorker, August 7, 1971

“Jane Street’s Samurai,” The Village Voice, November 25, 1971

“Nobody Writes Stories about Unicorns,” The Village Voice, December 16, 1971

“Passions and Tensions,” The Village Voice, February 2, 1972

“On the Question of Dogs,” The Village Voice, March 30, 1972

“City Rat,” Audience, March-April 1972

“Women Aflame,” The Village Voice, April 27, 1972

“Marriage, Fame, Power, Success,” The Village Voice, May 18, 1972

“In the Toils of the Law,” The Atlantic, June 1972

“Looking for Wilderness,” The Atlantic, August 1972

“Thoughts on Returning to the Mountain…,” The Village Voice, November, 1972

“Heart’s Desire,” Audience, November-December 1972

“Howling Back at the Wolves,” Saturday Review, December 1972

“Wall Maps and Woodpeckers,” The Village Voice, January 25, 1973

“Fred King on the Allagash,” Audience, January-February 1973

“Mountain Towers,” The Village Voice, February 15, 1973

“At Pinkham Notch,” The Village Voice, March 15, 1973

“Wildlands in Vermont,” The Village Voice, March 22, 1973

“In a Lair with a Bear,” Sports Illustrated, March 26, 1973

“Tricks, Innocence, Pathos, Perfection,” The Village Voice, May 10, 1973

“The Young Must Do the Healing,” New York Times Magazine, June 10, 1973

“Other Lives,” Harper’s, July 1973

“A Run of Bad Luck,” Newsweek, July 30, 1973

“Writing Wild,” New York Times Book Review, September 23, 1973

“That Gorgeous Great Novelist,” The Village Voice, November 15, 1973

“But Where Is Home,” New York Times Book Review, December 23, 1973

“A Mountain with a Wolf on It,” Sports Illustrated, January 14, 1974

“Where Have All the Heroes Gone,” New York Times Magazine, March 10, 1974

“Where the Action Is,” New York Times Book Review, October 13, 1974

“Nine Home Truths about Writing,” The Village Voice, January 20, 1975

“The Tug of Life at the End of the Leash,” Harper’s, February 1975

“Big Frog, Very Small Pond,” Sports Illustrated, March 3, 1975

“The Survival of the Newt,” New York Times Magazine, July 27, 1975

“Apocalypse Enough,” Not Man Apart, July 1975

“A Paradox among Us,” Harper’s, January 1976

“Southern Mansions,” Travel & Leisure, February 1976

“What I Think, What I Am,” New York Times Book Review, June 27, 1976

“Cairo Observed,” Harper’s, June 1976

“At Large in East Africa,” Harper’s, August 1976

“The Fragile Writer,” New York Times Book Review, December 12, 1976

“The Ridge-Slope Fox and the Knife-Thrower,” Harper’s, January 1977

“Do Writers Stay Home,” New York Times Book Review, May 22, 1977

“Without American Express,” New York Times Book Review, June 4, 1978

“Into Eritrea: Africa’s Red Sea War,” Harper’s, July 1978

“Unsilent Spring,” The Nation, May 26, 1979

“Gabriel, Who Wanted to Know,” The New England Review, Summer 1979

“Tugs,” Harper’s, December 1979

“Johnny Appleseed,” American Heritage, December-January 1979

“Being Between Books,” New York Times Book Review, October 28, 1979

“December Song,” The Nation, December 6, 1980

“America Was Promises (Still),” The Nation, February 21, 1981

“Making of a Writer,” New York Times Book Review, October 4, 1981

“Gods, Masks, and Horses,” Vanity Fair, July 1983

“Anchorage,” Vanity Fair, October 1983

“Up the Black to Chalkyitsik,” House and Garden, June 1984

“Hail the Anhinga,” The Nation, June 9, 1984

“Memories of Circuses Past,” The Nation, March 9, 1985

“In Okefenokee,” National Geographic Traveler, Spring 1985

“Nectar Feeding,” The Nation, July 20, 1985

“In Praise of John Muir,” Antaeus, Autumn 1986

“Three Trains Across Canada,” Travel & Leisure, March 1987

“Up with Spring,” The Nation, June 6, 1987

“Treasured Places,” Life, July 1987

“Summer Skunks,” The Nation, August 29, 1987

“Christmases Past,” The Nation, December 26, 1987

“Heaven and Nature,” Harper’s, March 1988

“Arabia Felix,” Interview magazine, May 1988

“The Indispensable Thoreau,” American Heritage, July 1988

“Learning to Eat Soup,” Antaeus, Autumn 1988

“The Hunger in Manhattan Life,” Harper’s, June 1989

“Jubilant Spring,” The Nation, June 19, 1989

“A World Worth Saving,” Life, October 1989

“O Wyoming,” Outside, October 1989

“Tolstoyan Tide,” The Nation, May 14, 1990

“Shh, Our Writers Are Sleeping,” Esquire, July 1990

“On Getting One’s Footing” (reprinted from “Anxious Dreams,” Manchester Guardian, * January 20), Harper’s, August 1990

“Roadless Regions,” Literary Outtakes, September 1990

“Passing Views,” Harper’s, January 1991

“Good Trips, Bad Trips,” Outside, April 1991

“The Best Idea,” Life, May 1991

“Spring Medley,” The Nation, June 10, 1991

“Holy Fools,” The Nation, September 16, 1991

“Everybody Comes to Belize,” Outside, February 1992

“Meat for the Old Man,” Outside, May 1992

“Christmas Observed,” New York Times Magazine, December 20, 1992

“To the Point,” Harper’s, March 1993

“Skin and Bones,” The Nation, May 3, 1993

“The Unknown Thoreau,” The Nation, June 7, 1993

“Nature’s Seesaw,” Vermont, May 1994 (also in Land’s End Catalogue, September 1993)

“All This Good World,” Manoa, June 1994

“Strange Perfume,” Esquire, June 1994

“The View from 61,” New York Times Magazine, November 27, 1994

“Brightness Visible,” Harper’s, January 1995

“Surge Time at the Bottom of the Earth,” Outside, March 1995

“Scenes from a Forty-Year War,” The Nation, April 10, 1995

“Like a Saul Bellow Character,” Salmagundi, Spring 1995

“Stepping Back,” New York Times Magazine, November 12, 1995

“Books that Need Authors,” The Nation, November 13, 1995

“The Daring Art of Rockwell Kent,” Civilization, January 1996

“Dying Argots,” Harper’s, January 1996

“Running Mates,” Hungry Mind Review, November 1996 (also Spring 1999)

“Generational Pioneer,” New York Times Magazine, December 8, 1996

“A Last Look Around,” Civilization, February 1997

“The Peaceable Kingdom,” Preservation, March 1997 (also in Vermont, June 1999)

“Wild Things,” Granta, Spring 1997

“Samos, Reflections on Love, and Love Lost, On a Greek Island,” Islands, June 1997

“Henry James and Porky Pig,” The Nation, June 30, 1997

“The Sage of Selborne,” The Yale Review, July 1997

“Spring Comes to the Kingdom,” Vermont Woodlands, Spring 1998

“I Can See,” Granta, Summer 1998

“India,” River City, Summer 1998

“Vermont Journal,” American Scholar, Summer 1998

“Vermont: Suite of Seasons,” National Geographic, September 1998

“Lost Between Burma and Tibet,” Outside, October 1998

"Craft and Obsession: An Interview with Edward Hoagland," The Hungry Mind Review, Spring 1999

“On the Lure of Water,” Sierra, May 1999

“Writers Afoot,” American Scholar, Summer 1999

Earth’s Eye,” Northern Woodlands, Autumn 1999

“That Sense of Falling,” Preservation, October 1999

“Writers Afoot,” Harper’s, October 1999

Calliope Times,” The New Yorker, May 22, 2000

“Natural Excursions,” Orion, Summer 2000

“Fire,” American Scholar, Autumn 2000

“Natural Light,” Harper’s, October 2000

“Vermont’s Civil Union,” Washington Post, late October 2000

“Secrets of the Stutter,” U.S. News and World Report, April 2, 2001

“Smirko, Smirko, Smirko!” Yankee, June 2001

“Two Kinds of People,” Worth, November 2001

“Circus Music,” Harper’s, February 2002

“Ansel Adams at 100,” Aperture, Spring 2002

“John Muir’s Alaskan Rhapsody,” American Scholar, Spring 2002

“Blind Faith,” Food and Wine, April 2002

1776 and All That,” The Nation, July 22, 2002

“Diaries,” The Paris Review, Summer 2002

The Circus of Dr. Lao,” Post Road, Fall 2002

“Not Even the Giant Squid,” Harper’s, November 2002

“Sex and the River Styx,” Harper’s, January 2003

“The American Dissident,” Harper’s, August 2003

“Immersion Teaching,” Chronicle of Higher Education, February 13, 2004

“Small Silences,” Harper’s, July 2004

“Journals,” American Scholar, Autumn 2004

The Glue Is Gone,” American Scholar, Winter 2005

Miles from Nowhere,” American Scholar, Summer 2006

“Endgame: Meditations on a Diminishing World,” Harper's, June 2007

"Children Are Diamonds," Portland, Fall 2007

"The Broken Balance," The American Scholar, Spring 2008

"A Country for Old Men," The American Scholar, Winter 2009

"Curtain Calls," Harper's, March 2009

"China's Mystic Waters," National Geographic, March 2009

"Journals '04, '05," The Seattle Review, Fall 2009

"Barley and Yaks," Orion, November 2009

"Last Call," Harper's, May 2010

"Spaced Out in the City," The American Scholar, Summer 2010

"When I Was Blind," Portland Magazine, Summer 2011

"The Gravity of Falling," The American Scholar, Winter 2012

"The Top of the Continent," Portland Magazine, Winter 2012

"On Friendship," The American Scholar, Winter 2013

"Hippies and Beats," New Letters, Fall 2013

"On Loneliness," The American Scholar, Spring 2014

"Peace and War," New Letters, Summer 2014

"The Little Tramp," New Letters, Spring/Summer 2015

"The Mysteries of Attraction," The American Scholar, Autumn 2015

"On Prayer," The American Scholar, Summer 2016

"Gobsmacked," The New Yorker, October 22, 2016

"Sleeping Together," New Letters, Winter/Spring 2017

Other Essays

Commencing from March 12, 1979, fifty-plus unsigned editorials in The New York Times: “The Price of Fur,” “In the Spring,” “Hang-ups,” “Mountain House,” etc., to 1989

Pequod, Winter 1986

New England Monthly, May 1987

Yankee Homes, September 1989

Manchester Guardian, January 20, 1990; August 12, 1990; March 31, 1991

Anchorage Daily News, June 28, 1992

Vermont, June 1994

The New York Times, January 11, 1986; June 15, 1991; October 5, 1993; May 13, 1995

Rolling Stone, May 28, 1998

Manoa, June 1999

Portland Magazine (Oregon), Summer 1996; Winter 1996; Winter 1997; Spring 2002

The Vineyard Gazette, November 9, 2012

"Pity Earth's Creatures," The New York Times, March 23, 2013

"Nature's Advocate, Sentence by Sentence Over a Lifetime," The Vineyard Gazette, October 30, 2014

"Living Life Secondhand," The New York Times, November 8, 2014

"Feeling Mugged Not Hugged by Social Media," The Vineyard Gazette, November 12, 2015

"Schadenfreude, Oh Schadenfreude," The Vineyard Gazette, December 10, 2015

"Still Asking Why After Half a Century," The Vineyard Gazette, January 14, 2016

"Words Can Wiggle, But Can the Planet?," The Vineyard Gazette, February 4, 2016

"In Words and Places, To Live Was to See," The Vineyard Gazette, March 3, 2016

"To Have and To Hold, Until There's a Bee in Your Bonnet," The Vineyard Gazette, March 28, 2016

"Richness of Nature Found in the Eyes of a Dog," The Vineyard Gazette, April 21, 2016

"Trading Screen Time for Real Life Line," The

Vineyard Gazette, September 1, 2016

"Beware Easy Embrace of Like Minded Fools," The Vineyard Gazette, September 21, 2016

"No Matter How You Say It, Words Remind Us What Matters Most," The Vineyard Gazette, October 20, 2016

"For Love or Money and Other Minor Matters," The Vineyard Gazette, November 17, 2016

"Rain May Come, Seize the Day and the Sable," The Vineyard Gazette, April 20, 2017

"Putting One Foot in Front of the Other," The Vineyard Gazette, May 25, 2017

"Edward Hoagland's collected stories are dazzling... the perfect pitch, the empathy and real-world awareness... The writer cornered

me and dragged me into this glorious, furious, believable yet incredible mess. I'm on the sidelines, totally involved... every story has its own intrinsic logic, every conclusion its understated and elegant power punch. Read this book, please." --Ann Beattie

In the Country of the Blind

Arcade, NY, 2016

Short stories

“Cowboys,” The Noble Savage, No. 1, February 1960

“The Last Irish Fighter,” Esquire, August 1960

“The Witness,” The Paris Review, Summer-Fall 1967

“The Colonel’s Power,” New American Review, No. 2, January 1968

“Kwan’s Coney Island,” New American Review, No. 5, January 1969

“A Fable of Mammas,” Transatlantic Review, No. 32, Summer 1969

The Final Fate of the Alligators,” The New Yorker, October 18, 1969

“Seven Rivers West,” Esquire, July 1986

“The Mind’s Eye,” The Nature of Nature, (ed. Wm. Shore), Harcourt, 1994

“The Devil’s Tub,” Yale Review, Autumn, 2005

"Triage Along the Nile," Conjunctions, Fall 2008

"In Africa," New Letters, vol. 74, Fall 2008

Book Reviews

In The New York Times Book Review:

May 9, 1971; June 13, 1971; February 6, 1972; October 7, 1973; October 21, 1973; December 2, 1973; April 14, 1974; May 19, 1974; “City Walking,” June 1, 1975; June 22, 1975; November 9, 1975; December 7, 1975; April 11, 1976; April 18, 1976; May 9, 1976; August 15, 1976; September 5, 1976; November 14, 1976; January 9, 1977; June 19, 1977; August 14, 1977; September 11, 1977; November 27, 1977; December 11, 1977; November 19, 1978; November 26, 1978; January 21, 1979; February 4, 1979; June 24, 1979; July 22, 1979; March 23, 1980; March 30, 1980; June 8, 1980; August 17, 1980; March 15, 1981; November 8, 1981; June 6, 1982; August 29, 1982; October 17, 1982; November 21, 1982; June 12, 1983; January 22, 1984; October, 1984; February 16, 1986; July 19, 1987; September 11, 1988; January 8, 1989; May 7, 1989; March 18, 1990; November 25, 1990; July 2, 2000

In The Boston Herald: December 20, 1970

In The Village Voice:

December 30, 1971; October 24, 1974; October 1982

In The Chicago Daily News: December 1, 1974

In Life:

October 14, 1971; April 21, 1972; October 27, 1972

In Harper’s Book Letter: May 12, 1975

In Harper’s:

July 1977; May 1985; January 1986; February 1989

In Saturday Review:

April 28, 1979, December 1980

In New York magazine: May 28, 1979

In The New Republic:

October 20, 1979; March 1, 1980

In Washington Post Book World:

April 12, 1970; June 6, 1970; October 30, 1972; June 15, 1980; October 11, 1981; August 2, 1987

In Inside Sports: November 1980

In Science Digest: October 1981

In The Chicago Tribune: November 6, 1988

In Wigwag: October–November–December 1989

In USA Today:

October 23, 1992; November 13, 1992; January 21, 1994

In Boston Globe:

November 19, 1995; April 19, 1997

In Los Angeles Times: September 22, 1996

In Civilization:

November 1994; March 1995; July 1995; October 1997

In Onearth: October, 2004

"Here He Is, On the Prowl," in "William James in His Time and Ours," Harvard Library Bulletin, Volume 20, Number 2

In Departures Magazine: May, 2011

Other Work

General editor of the Penguin Nature Library; later called the Penguin Nature Classics series: thirty volumes in all, 1985 on: Bartram, Beston, Austin, Bates, Catlin, Audubon, Thoreau, Muir, Powell, Warner, White, Seton, Lewis and Clark, Prishvin, King, etc., introduced by Stegner, Updike, Theroux, Dickey, Barth, Turner, Abbey, McKibben, Shoumatoff, Ehrlich, Nelson, Berry, Matthiessen, et al.


The Circus of Dr. Lao, by Charles G. Finney, Vintage, 1983

The Mountains of California, by John Muir, Penguin, 1985

The Maine Woods, by Henry David Thoreau, Penguin, 1988

Vanishing Arctic, by T. M. Watkins, Aperture Books, 1988

The Pushcart Prize XVI: Best of the Small Presses, edited by Bill Henderson, 1991

Walden, by Henry David Thoreau, Vintage, 1991

Steep Trails, by John Muir, Sierra Club Books, 1994

Land of Rivers, by Peter Mancall, Cornell University Press, 1996

N by E, by Rockwell Kent, Wesleyan University Press, 1996

The Natural History of Selborne, by Gilbert White, Penguin, 1997

The Best American Essays 1999, edited by Edward Hoagland, Houghton Mifflin, 1999

Elevating Ourselves, by Henry David Thoreau, Houghton Mifflin, 1999

Our Like Will Not Be There Again, by Lawrence Hillman, Ruminator Books, 2001

The Shameless Diary of an Explorer, by Robert Dunn, Modern Library, 2001

Shooting Blind, by Visually Impaired Collective, Aperture Books, 2002

Step Right This Way, by Edward J. Kelty, Barnes & Noble Books, 2002

Travels in Alaska, by John Muir, Modern Library, 2002

Interview, Agni 62, Fall 2005

Contributor to large-format books

Our World’s Heritage, National Geographic Society, 1987

Paths Less Traveled, Atheneum, 1988

Favorite Places: A Travel & Leisure Book, 1989

Heart of a Nation, National Geographic Society, 2000


    • In numerous anthologies.

    • Houghton Mifflin Literary Fellowship, 1954; Longview Foundation Award, 1961; Prix de Rome, 1964; Guggenheim Fellowship, 1965; New York State Arts Council grant, 1972; Brandeis University Citation in Literature, 1972; Guggenheim Fellowship, 1975; Harold Vursell Award of American Academy of Arts and Letters, 1981; National Endowment for the Arts grant, 1982; Lannan Foundation Award, 1993.

    • Nominated for National Book Award, 1974; National Book Critics Circle Award, 1980; American Book Award, 1982; New York Public Library Literary Lion, 1988 and 1996; National Magazine Award, 1989; Boston Public Library Literary Light, 1995. Elected to American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, 1982.

    • Has juried competitions for the J.S. Guggenheim Foundation, New York State Arts Council

    • Virginia Commission for the Arts, Oregon State Arts Council, Breadloaf Foundation, American Academy of Arts and Letters, etc.

    • Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2011

    • John Burroughs Medal, 2012